Facial Treatment Techniques

Facial Cleansing

Healthy and beautiful facial skin can only be obtained through treatments that are done correctly. Facial cleansing is a primary treatment that must be done every day when going to makeup, and when going to sleep, the face must be clean from makeup.

Cleaning the face is done to lift and remove dirt that is attached to the skin of the face and neck. Soil can be in the form of dust, sweat, face makeup, Palit in the way of fat and horn cells, which are peeled off and still attached to the skin and cover the pores on the face and neck.

Facial skin cleansing can be done in two ways: first using milk or cleansing cream and using special soap for the face. Milk or cleansing creams are usually in the form of emulsions that contain, among others, mineral oil and milk. A good facial soap for the skin is a soap that has a pH balanced with skin moisture. Avoid using body soap to clean facial skin because body soap contains alkali whose humidity is not adjusted with the moisture of the facial skin.

The order in applying milk or cleansing creams on facial skincare:

a. On the left cheek towards the bottom of the left eye
b. On the right cheek in the direction under the correct eye
c. On the forehead
d. In the nose
e. On the chin and neck

Facial skin cleansing is done by:

The cream is taken with a spatula, placed on the back of the left hand or a small plate, and applies a cosmetic cleanser on the face evenly on the left and right cheeks, forehead, nose, chin, and neck. Apply evenly and thoroughly starting from the button to the left, right, and upside. The application of cleansers on the face and neck with a gentle, wiping, and circular motion with the fingertips on the neck part of the movement from the middle to the side and from top to bottom. The direction of the polishing movement is upward, with the intention that the skin is not pulled down, which can cause the facial skin to sag and to open the pores of the skin so that dirt is easy to clean.

Cream or cleansing milk usually dries quickly, so use it in sufficient quantities and when applied evenly, immediately remove it using damp cotton or tissue, then wipe it with warm water. When removing milk or cleansing cream utilizing a cloth, the fabric is folded neatly and should be held tightly between the middle and ring fingers and forefinger and index finger. Then the cream is lifted slowly in the direction of the muscle fibers.

Cleansing the skin around the eyes and lips requires a specialized cleanser; this is because the skin is fragile and sensitive. And after cleansing, face skin is cleaned again with warm water using a special sponge or washcloth; then, the face is dried.

In general, facial cleansing techniques for all skin types are the same; the difference is the cosmetics used. Cleaning the face can be done with the following steps:

Preliminary cleaning, including cleaning the eyebrows, eyes, and lips with cosmetic eye makeup remover.

Clean the face and neck by using a cleanser in the form of a cream, gel, or lotion according to the type of facial skin.

Clean the face and neck by using special soap for facial skin according to skin type, such as honey soap.

Skin Rejuvenation

Every time after cleansing, facial skin needs to be refreshed using a refreshing liquid suitable for the skin type. The purpose of refreshment is to summarize or shrink the pores of the skin that are open during cleaning, tighten the skin, perfect the cleansing of the remnants of cream or cleansing milk that may still be attached to the facial skin and to refresh the skin.

Refreshing liquid, usually containing rose water, alcohol, and glycerin. The fresh juice is not recommended for use too often because the fluid's alcohol content can cause the skin to become dry. Refreshing liquid for dry skin and healthy skin, it is recommended to use a face tonic whose alcohol content is not too much, and for oily and acne-prone skin, use astringent freshener with an alcohol content that is dry or a freshener containing cucumber.

Refreshing the skin of the face and neck is done by the way: Cotton is given a refresher fluid and then patted the face skin evenly, including the neck. Refreshing facial skin can also be compressed using ice cubes that are first wrapped in washcloths.

Facial Skin Massage / Ordering / Massage

Massage or massage (massage) is one of the oldest facial treatment methods of physical treatment, which is used so that the skin becomes soft, supple, and looks more attractive. Massage is done when the face is clean. Ordering on the front and neck influences physiology both directly and indirectly. The direct effect of sequencing can be seen first of all on the skin, as the skin becomes smooth and limp. Use creams that match your skin type at the time of sortings, such as day-cream, or massage cream. Creams containing olive oil or turtle oil can be used to massage healthy and dry skin, oily skin should use a citric acid-based cream containing vitamins A and E.

Gently massage the face according to the correct rotation. Sorting movements commonly used for sorting the face and neck are rubbing massage movements, massage or squeezing massage movements, rubbing massage movements, knocking massage movements, and vibrating massage movements.

The direction of massage on the face and neck are:

a. Starting from the forehead and ending at the chest and neck
b. Starting from the nape, go up to the forehead and end at the nape again

The purpose of facial massage is to:

(a) Prevents wrinkles on facial skin,
(b) Improve and facilitate blood circulation,
(c) Strengthening facial muscles,
(d) Refreshing the languid facial skin,
(e) Facilitating the replacement of new skin cells,
(f) Smooth, brighten and soften facial skin, and
(g) It helps calm nerves.

Massage does not need to be done every time we do facial cleansing. Ordering is done according to the condition of facial skin, like healthy skin is done once a week to improve blood circulation in the face and reduce fine wrinkles, a sign of premature aging accompanied by proper skin care at home regularly. Massage is not done; there is acne-prone skin because, with massage, acne is too much depressed or touched, which can cause infection. Likewise, for those who suffer from skin diseases that are contagious and suffer from inflammation such as ulcers or acute infections, massage should not be done, because it can be fatal.

Various facial massage patterns include:

For spiral patterns, use your fingertips in circular motions.
For a line-shaped pattern, use your fingertips to press slightly.
For small rectangular patterns, use your fingertips to press on the points indicated.

At each sequence performed, the client (the person ordered) should not feel that the hands or sequence movements are changed; this is to achieve harmony, balance, and rhythm in this sorting action. By releasing all the muscle and mind tension, through sorting, the client must feel the usefulness. After finishing, the facial skin needs to be cleaned again from the lubricating cream (cosmetic ordering), by using a tissue or wet cotton, then wiped with warm water.

Evaporation

Evaporation is done so that the pores open more fully to be easily treated. The way to evaporate is: provide a large Waskom filled with boiling water and a large towel. Put the waskom containing boiling water on the table, then face your face to the boiling water in the Waskom.

Cover the head towel to cover the entire head and Waskom. Water vapor will hit the face and leave for a while. Keep the sheet away from hot water. The duration of evaporation for dry and sensitive skin is maximum for 3 minutes. Healthy skin for 5-7 minutes and oily skin for 8-12 minutes.

We recommend that while steaming the face, do a pure relaxation, namely by mixing a few drops of aromatherapy oil such as lavender, camomile or mint, into boiling water in the Waskom. Inhale the vapors that have been combined with these fragrances and feel the double benefits, i.e., in addition to the pores of the skin is opened, the inhaled aroma will loosen breathing and give a calming effect.

Exfoliation

Exfoliation is intended to remove dead skin cells that are ready to peel in the layers of the epidermis, help remove blackheads, thin out dry acne scars, make the skin smooth and soft and stimulate the growth of new skin cells. Exfoliation can be done every few days, depending on the type of facial skin. For dry and sensitive skin between 7-14 days, healthy skin five days, and oily skin 3-5 days. Make sure there are no cuts or infections on the face when exfoliating and do not peel too often so that the skin has a chance of regeneration. Exfoliation or thinning of the skin is done using thinning cosmetics, scrubber types, polisher, or other cosmetic exfoliation.

To get maximum results, do peeling while the skin is still clean, soft, and supple as after evaporation. Exfoliation is done by stretching the surface to be treated, using the index finger and middle finger of the left hand. Cosmetic peeling on the index finger and middle finger of the right hand rubbed on the skin of the face stretched by the index and middle fingers of the left side with friction movements.

The direction of the scrub is adjusted to the skin line in the course of excellent hair growth on the face or with the guidance of rotation from inside to outside. Wash your face with warm water or cold water or with warm steam using a facial steamer to soften the horn lining cells so that if there are blackheads will be removed. Blackheads can be removed by squeezing them with tissue paper or with a unique tool in the form of a comedo extractor that has been cleaned in a 70% alcohol solution. Exfoliation treatment is done once a week for healthy skin, and oily skin can be done twice a week. After exfoliation, especially for sensitive and dry skin, immediately apply facial moisturizers that are suitable for your skin type and, after peeling, avoid direct sunlight.
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Jaka Haryanto

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