Which is More Important: EQ or IQ?

Who doesn't know IQ or Intelligence Quotient? Many of you even knew him long before you had children. Almost everyone has taken an IQ test either at school or at work. Then, what about EQ or Emotional Quotient? Are you familiar with EQ?

What's the difference between IQ and EQ?
IQ can be understood as a numerical score derived from a standard intelligence test. In this IQ test, the score will be calculated by dividing a person's mental age by their chronological age, then multiplying it by the number 100. So, when a child is mental age 15 and chronological age 10, it has an IQ score of 150. Traditional IQ tests assess ability cognitive through vocabulary, reading comprehension, reasoning skills, and mathematics.

IQ itself represents several abilities, such as:

Visual and spatial processing
Knowledge of the world
Fluid reasoning and quantitative reasoning
Long term memory and short term memory
While EQ can be understood as a scale that measures the level of a person's emotional intelligence, emotional intelligence refers to a person's ability to understand, control, evaluate and express emotions.

Like an IQ score, an EQ test score of 100 is considered an average score, a score of 115 is considered impressive, but a score of 85 indicates some challenges a child is facing.

EQ itself represents several abilities, such as:

Identifying emotions
Evaluating other people's feelings
Control your own emotions
Imagine how other people feel
We are using emotions to facilitate social emotion relating to other people.

What Does the World Say About EQ?
According to a 2016 State of the Heart report, quoted from todaysparent.com, it is clear that emotional intelligence (EQ) scores around the world have decreased. Experts assume that the decrease in the average EQ of a person in the world is due to increased levels of stress and anxiety, making it more difficult for a person to deal with problems in life.

Another cause for the decline in EQ is also due to a person's dependence on technology and social media to communicate.

This means that now a person communicates more through a smartphone screen than face to face. Whereas a person's EQ can be built by communicating directly, so that a person can feel other people's emotions, control their own emotions, evaluate other people's emotions, etc.

Then, which one is more important for children, IQ or EQ? Does having a high IQ score make children successful in life? And, maybe EQ also has a role in the development and success of children in the future?

All these questions, of course, are enough to tickle parents to find out more. The reason is, so far, we have only focused on knowing the IQ score of children. As parents too, we will worry if the child's IQ score is lower than their peers at school.

Which is more important, IQ or EQ?
Some people argue that IQ is a determinant of a child's success. Many think that children who have a high IQ score will be considered to have an accomplished life.

However, some experts are starting to realize that IQ is not the only determinant of a child's success. According to experts, many other factors play a role in determining a child's success.

IQ may be an essential element in a child's academic achievement. Children with high IQ scores usually have several accomplishments in school. However, the same thing does not always happen in his social life.

Several parties are currently promoting the concept of EQ from the education sector to the world of work. Several companies have even started conducting EQ training as an essential part of the employee hiring process.

For example, reported from verywellmind.com, an insurance company found that EQ plays a vital role in sales success. Sales agents with lower EQ levels on emotional abilities such as empathy, initiative and confidence were only able to sell an average of $ 54,000. Meanwhile, agents with higher EQ levels sold more, on average, $ 114,000.

The emotional abilities of an insurance agent can influence the choices consumers make when faced with a purchase decision. According to psychologist and Nobel laureate Daniel Kahneman, people prefer to deal with people they trust and like people whom they don't. However, one has to pay more for a lower quality product.

This shows that it is not the only IQ that matters in a child's life. However, EQ also has a role to play in helping a child become successful in his future life.

Can I Improve EQ?
A child's EQ level can be increased. A study found that out of 50% of children who took SEL (social and emotional learning), 40% of children showed an increase in their EQ level.

What Should Parents Pay Attention To?
Many factors influence the success of a child in the future. Both IQ and EQ play a significant role in a child's success. Instead of just focusing on which factors are essential to children's success, parents should focus on emotional balance and learning to improve children's skills in various fields.
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Jaka Haryanto

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